Pilgrims vs Puritans

Pilgrim 和 Puritan 都翻译为清教徒,但这两个单词是有区别的。他们是两个清教徒派别。

  • Puritan占清教徒的绝大多数。他们不主张脱离英国国教,而是想要净化 (purify) 英国国教。他们从英格兰乘船去了美洲大陆。陆陆续续大约有2万 puritans 来到了北美。
  • Pilgrim是清教徒中的少数派。他们要脱离英国国教,由于在英国受到压迫,他们去了荷兰,在那呆了10多年,后来也去了美洲大陆。

那么问题来了,是谁乘坐了五月花号船(Mayflower)呢?是Puritan,还是Pilgrim?答案是Pilgrim。实际上五月花号这艘船上只有一半的人是Pilgrim,其他人则来自五湖四海。

Pilgrim: a member of a group of English Puritans fleeing religious persecution who sailed in the Mayflower and founded the colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620.

http://xroads.virginia.edu/~cap/puritan/purhist.html

The Puritan established theocracy. 神权政体 theology 神学

a foregone conclusion: a result that can be predicted with certainty. a result that is obvious before it happens: 没有悬念。

  • His success was not a foregone conclusion.

the better part of something, also the best part of something. more than half of something. most of

  • The puritans in early 17th century in England were not happy people. They had spent the better part of the last half of Queen Elizabeth’s reign desperately trying to get Queen Elizabeth to legislate changes in the Anglican Church.

It means more than half.  The better part of a year could be used to describe a period of seven to eleven months.  It’s typically used to give emphasis to how long something took. Like many idioms (keep an eye on something, face me, smell a rat) it isn’t literal.

This is an archaic phrase derived from comparing parts of something which has been divided in two. People called the parts the “better part” and the “lesser part“, meaning the larger and the smaller. The use of larger and smaller has pretty much replaced the older terms.

vestige: 遗迹; 残余部分 a trace of something that is disappearing or no longer exists

  • To conform the church more to their idea of the kind of church. It should be devoid of a lot of the vestiges of the Roman Catholic faith, a lot of the ceremony, the vestments (法衣), the incense.

border on:

  1. To be next to something in location 接壤
  2. To come close to being something, especially in association, meaning, or intent; verge on something.

Open opposition to the Anglican state church borders on high treason. The monarchy responded with persecution, torture and execution.

parishioner: an inhabitant of a parish, especially one who belongs to or attends a particular church.

Parish: (in the Christian Church) a small administrative district typically having its own church and a priest or pastor.

pamphlet: 小册子; 活页文选

palatable:

  • (of food or drink) pleasant to taste.
  • (of an action or proposal) acceptable or satisfactory.

batter: strike repeatedly with hard blows; pound heavily and insistently.

  • Storms batter the ship.

steerage:

  • the part of a ship providing accommodations for passengers with the cheapest tickets.
  • the action of steering a boat.

 

 

 

 

 

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